শুক্রবার, ১৪ জুন ২০২৪, ০৩:০৭ অপরাহ্ন

Canadian Citizenship Eligibility and Application Process

  • আপডেট সময় বুধবার, ১৫ মে, ২০২৪

Canadian citizenship, which goes beyond just legal status, represents belonging, rights, and possibilities in one of the friendliest and most diverse nations in the world.

A critical first step in the path to integration and belonging for those hoping to become Canadian citizens is knowing the eligibility requirements and application procedure.

Among the rights and benefits that come with Canadian citizenship are the ability to vote, access to social services and healthcare, and legal protection in Canada.

Citizenship is a significant turning point for immigrants hoping to fully integrate into Canadian society and take part in determining the direction of the nation.

In this comprehensive guide, we will go into detail on eligibility, the citizenship pathways, and an overview of the application process.

Canadian Citizenship Pathways

One may become a Canadian citizen in a number of ways, including:

1. Naturalization: Immigrants most often become citizens by naturalization. Those who wish to get naturalized must submit a formal application to the IRCC and fulfill the eligibility criteria mentioned in the beginning of this article.

Accepted applicants take the Oath of Citizenship and receive their Canadian citizenship certificate at a citizenship ceremony.

2. Citizenship by Birth: Anyone born in Canada, regardless of their parents’ immigration or nationality, is by default a Canadian citizen.

The jus soli (right of the soil) principle guarantees the right to Canadian citizenship to those born on Canadian soil.

3. Citizenship by Descent: A person can qualify for citizenship if they were born outside of Canada to a Canadian citizen.

Citizenship by descent permits someone to inherit Canadian citizenship from their parents, who were born in Canada.

4. Adoption-Based Citizenship: Certain adoption regulations may qualify adopted children of Canadian citizens for citizenship.

If they complete the adoption procedure and meet additional requirements, adopted children from foreign countries can become citizens of Canada.

Canadian citizenship eligibility for permanent residents

Applicants for Canadian citizenship must fulfill specific requirements set out by the Citizenship Act and Regulations.

Generally speaking, the qualifying criteria are as follows:

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1. Permanent resident status: An individual must hold a permanent resident status in Canada and must meet the residency obligation mentioned below.

2. Residency Requirement: Out of the last five years before their application, applicants must have physically lived in Canada for at least 1,095 days, or three years.

This requirement ensures that candidates have made a significant contribution to Canadian society and forged a deep bond with the country.

3. Language competence: Those applying between the ages of 18 and 54 must present documentation of their English or French language competence exam scores.

The Test d’évaluation de français (TEF) for French and the Canadian English Language Proficiency Index Programme (CELPIP) or the International English Language Testing System (IELTS) for English are both accepted.

4. Canada Knowledge: Applicants need to pass the Canadian Citizenship Test to demonstrate that they understand Canadian history, values, institutions, and symbols.

The test gauges how well candidates know Canada’s political structure, topography, citizenship rights and obligations, and multicultural history.

5. Income Tax Compliance: Within the five years before their application, applicants must file income taxes for at least three taxation years.

This need guarantees observance of Canadian tax rules and regulations.

6. Intent to Reside: Upon receiving citizenship, applicants are required to declare their intention to reside in Canada.

In this declaration, candidates reiterate their intention to live permanently in Canada and fully participate in Canadian society.

You may also like: New Canadian Citizenship Waivers Now Make It Easy For Some Applicants

How to Apply for Canadian Citizenship

Gathering supporting documentation, filling out application forms, taking language and knowledge tests, and going to a citizenship ceremony are all part of the application procedure for Canadian citizenship.

Below is a detailed description of the application process:

1. Gather supporting documents: To demonstrate their citizenship eligibility, applicants must compile supporting documentation.

Identity document, permanent residency details, language exam, income tax notice of assessments, and any other supporting documentation.

omplete the application forms. Applicants can apply online for Canadian citizenship by visiting official IRCC website, if they meet the eligibility criteria.

It is easy and self-guided based on your situation.

3. Apply and Submit: After completing the application forms and gathering supporting documentation, applicants can submit their online citizenship application to the IRCC.

You must submit your applications along with the applicable processing charge.

4. Oath of Citizenship: The IRCC hosts a citizenship ceremony for approved applicants.

Applicants swear loyalty to Canada and a pledge to respect Canadian laws and values by taking the Oath of Citizenship during the ceremony.

The oath of citizenship ceremony is now being done online too.

5. Get a Certificate of Canadian Citizenship: After taking the oath of citizenship as evidence of citizenship, successful candidates get their Canadian citizenship certificate.

The certificate serves as formal proof of their Canadian citizenship, enabling them to apply for a Canadian passport.

What is the Canadian citizenship first-generation rule?

The Canadian citizenship first-generation rule states that if you were born outside of Canada, you can acquire Canadian citizenship if one (or both) of your parents were Canadian citizens at the time of your birth.

Can the child of the second generation of Canadian citizens born abroad claim their citizenship?

Yes, the child of second-generation Canadian citizens born abroad can claim Canadian citizenship via court.

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